Batman (englisch für Fledermausmann) ist eine von Bob Kane erdachte und durch Bill Finger weiterentwickelte Comicfigur, deren zivile Identität die des. Bruce Wayne ist Batman, der Beschützer von Gotham City, der wie eine Fledermaus gekleidet ist und Verbrecher in der Stadt bekämpft. Im echten Leben. Bruce Wayne, besser bekannt als Batman, belegt den sechsten Platz, mit einem Vermögen von 9,2 Milliarden US-Dollar. In Besitz dieser Geldmittel kam Bruce.
Bruce Wayne (Übersicht)Als kleiner Junge stürzt Bruce Wayne beim Spielen in einen alten Brunnen und wird dort von einem Schwarm Fledermäuse attackiert. Seitdem hat er panische. Bruce Wayne ist der Sohn von Thomas und Martha Wayne. Die Geschichte der Waynes ist seit. Bruce Wayne, besser bekannt als Batman, belegt den sechsten Platz, mit einem Vermögen von 9,2 Milliarden US-Dollar. In Besitz dieser Geldmittel kam Bruce.
Bruce Wayne Menu di navigazione VideoBruce Wayne Believes in Harvey Dent (3/13) - The Dark Knight (2008) US-OR Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota regions. Auch die Nebenrollen wurden mit etablierten Schauspielern besetzt, darunter Morgan FreemanLiam NeesonRutger HauerMichael CaineKatie HolmesTom Wilkinson Looper Stream Deutsch, Cillian Murphy und Gary Oldman. Rohstoffe: Die Gewinner und Wdr Wunderschön Amrum in Welcher Rohstoff macht das Rennen? Batman ist eine von Bob Kane erdachte und durch Bill Finger weiterentwickelte Comicfigur, deren zivile Identität die des Milliardärs Bruce Wayne ist und der einen schwarzen, einer Fledermaus ähnelnden Anzug trägt. Batman erschien erstmals im Mai. Dieser Artikel behandelt die Person Bruce Wayne, für andere Personen, die die Identität Batmans. Bruce Wayne ist der Sohn von Thomas und Martha Wayne. Die Geschichte der Waynes ist seit. Batman (englisch für Fledermausmann) ist eine von Bob Kane erdachte und durch Bill Finger weiterentwickelte Comicfigur, deren zivile Identität die des.
Il devient si populaire que les ventes du comic book doublent presque [ ]. Dick Grayson est encore formellement le titulaire du nom et durant quelques mois deux Robin coexistent.
En Mike W. Dans cette histoire, Batman et la fille de Ra's Al Ghul, Talia, ont une relation amoureuse et Talia tombe enceinte. Cependant en Grant Morrison introduit dans le monde de Batman son fils Damian qu'il a eu avec Talia.
Alfred est le majordome de Bruce Wayne depuis plusieurs mois lorsque Robin l'appelle pour soigner Batman. Plus tard, le joker assassine sa seconde femme, le lieutenant de police Sarah Essen [ ].
Dans le film Batman Begins , la seule femme qu'il aime est son amour de jeunesse, Rachel Dawes, assistante du procureur.
Dans Lego Batman, le film Batman tombe amoureux de Barbara Gordon , fille de James Gordon et qui deviendra plus tard dans le film Batgirl.
Enfin dans La Grande Aventure Lego 2 Batman se marie avec la Reine Whatevra Wanabi, une reine extra-terrestre. Freeze [ L 8 ] , Poison Ivy [ ] , Man-Bat [ ] , Ra's al Ghul [ ] et Lady Shiva [ ].
Les ennemis de Batman sont souvent le reflet de celui-ci. Le personnage de Batman se plie facilement aux choix des auteurs.
Batman, et Bruce Wayne, sont bons et les criminels sont sans aucun doute mauvais. Cela explique aussi pourquoi Batman ne peut utiliser d'armes contre les criminels de Gotham.
Quoique certains puissent voir en Batman un fasciste, le critique Aeon J. Selon Michael L. He numbs the pain by partying nonstop, fires Alfred and gives up his plan to protect Gotham.
That night, he reconciles with Alfred, and prevents Ivy from killing a crowd full of Gotham's social elite at a charity auction.
He is also unaware that Ra's has returned from the dead, and is conspiring with Jeremiah. When Ra's and Jeremiah reveal their plan, they both tell Bruce that they are destroying Gotham for his benefit, to help him become the "Dark Knight" he is destined to be.
The two criminal masterminds kidnap Alfred and dose Bruce with Jonathan Crane 's Charlie Tahan fear toxin, plaguing him with hallucinations of Alfred going insane and attacking him.
After seeing Selina off to the hospital, he goes to confront Ra's and Jeremiah, who have destroyed all bridges leading outside of Gotham, turning the city into a " No Man's Land ".
As he dies, Ra's tells Bruce that he must choose between simply being Bruce Wayne and becoming the "Dark Knight". After Gotham is evacuated, Bruce decides to stay behind and help Gordon fight the criminals who have taken over the city.
Months later, Bruce is shown to be helping Gordon provide the people of the Narrows with food, shelter and medicine. She tearfully confesses to him that she saw his parents die and did nothing, and rejects his attempts to comfort her.
Meanwhile, Jeremiah, who has become obsessed with Bruce, kidnaps him and tries to convince him of his plan to recreate the night that Bruce's parents were murdered.
When Bruce refuses and sees the ruse, Jeremiah blows up Wayne Manor. Jeremiah then flees to Ace Chemicals, and in the ensuing struggle with Bruce falls into a vat of toxic waste.
Soon afterward, Ivy uses her plant toxins to hypnotize Bruce and get him to poison Gotham's water supply. Selina manages to snap him out of it, and they defeat Ivy with help from Fox.
Later, Bruce and Selina attend the wedding of Gordon and Leslie Thompkins Morena Baccarin , and share a passionate kiss. Theresa Walker Jaime Murray , the government operative who has been overseeing Gotham's reconstruction, reveals her true identity as Nyssa al Ghul , Ra's al Ghul's daughter, and pledges to avenge her father's death by killing Bruce.
With help from Selina and Gordon, Bruce defeats Nyssa, but at a cost: Nyssa's henchman Bane Shane West severely injures Alfred.
Bruce blames himself, and leaves Gotham so no one else he loves will be hurt. Before he leaves, he tells Alfred that he will be gone a long time, but that he will return once he is able to protect Gotham.
Bruce decides to start his training for his war on crime. In the series finale ten years later, Bruce returns to Gotham, which has flourished with Gordon as Commissioner of the GCPD, to celebrate the opening of the new Wayne Tower.
At the same time, a mysterious vigilante in a bat-like costume begins apprehending Gotham's wanted criminals, including Cobblepot, Edward Nygma Cory Michael Smith , and a returned Jeremiah Valeska.
This mysterious figure, whom Lucius and Alfred know is Bruce, also has a run-in with Selina Lili Simmons , who has become a cat burglar , and has a quietly emotional exchange with her while concealed in the shadows.
After escaping a prison van, Cobblepot and Nygma are frightened by the disguised Bruce using a grappling hook to glide between rooftops.
Finally, Bruce quietly observes the city from afar atop a building as Gordon and Bullock summon him through a searchlight bearing a bat emblem, becoming Gotham's protector for years to come under a new name: Batman.
Mazouz has received praise for his portrayal of the teenage Bruce Wayne, with critics lauding his mature approach to portraying the character, especially for someone his age.
However, there was some criticism for the perceived rushed pacing of Bruce's development in the show. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Fictional character on Gotham. Batman by Bob Kane Bill Finger. The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. March 4, Retrieved March 4, Retrieved November 7, URL consultato il 13 ottobre URL consultato il 29 settembre URL consultato il 2 ottobre Kane riconobbe il contributo di Finger nella creazione del personaggio.
Il loro primo contatto, invece, avviene dopo il rapimento di Dick, che costrinse Batman a fare un giro per l' Himalaya.
Todhunter, alla cui clinica si rivolge proprio Bruce Wayne per recuperare dall'avvelenamento da radiazioni cui l'ha esposto la battaglia con Phosphorus.
Dopo un successo iniziale, la pelle di Payne inizia a sciogliersi e, come secondo e indesiderato effetto, scioglie, letteralmente, tutti gli esseri viventi che tocca.
L'ultima fase, Knightsend , vede Bruce tornare, guarito, a Gotham e contattare Lady Shiva , esperta in arti marziali, per migliorare la sua preparazione e poter affrontare Jean-Paul e sconfiggerlo.
Bruce riesce a riprendersi il manto di Batman e durante l'arco narrativo Prodigal lo cede al pupillo Dick. Il miliardario viene immediatamente arrestato insieme alla sua guardia del corpo, ritenuta sua complice, ma non si riesce ad ottenere nulla da nessuno dei due, entrambi legati a doppio filo dal segreto di Batman e da un amore che nemmeno loro ancora sanno di provare l'uno per l'altra.
Batman si trova a fronteggiare anche un secondo Batman, un mostro bestiale che terrorizza le prostitute; durante il primo scontro Bruce Wayne esce sconfitto e ferito, e solo in seguito riesce a risolvere la questione.
Un terzo Batman figlio di Satana viene affrontato e ucciso diversi anni dopo dal figlio Damian, che ha preso il posto del padre come uomo pipistrello, in un flash forward presentato nel numero della serie americana.
Successivamente Batman, Robin , Nightwing e Damian devono fare i conti con la resurrezione di Ra's al Ghul ucciso precedentemente nella miniserie La Morte e La Fanciulla.
Sconfitto, viene seppellito vivo dal Guanto Nero, ma riesce a fuggire grazie a Robin e Nightwing. Bruce sopravvive e poco dopo questi eventi Batman si ritrova insieme agli altri eroi ad affrontare la nuova minaccia di Darkseid.
Alla fine saranno proprio Gordon e Batman a liberare la ragazza che, lasciano ad intendere i due autori, da questo incontro potrebbe aver trovato ispirazione per la sua successiva carriera di Batgirl.
La storia, poi, si segnala anche per i richiami e le citazioni di Alice nel Paese delle Meraviglie il romanzo preferito del piccolo Bruce messe in bocca al Cappellaio Matto.
Probabilmente a causa di un'indigestione, Bruce torna a casa molto stanco e si addormenta in preda agli incubi.
Durante tale saga viene rivisto l'attentato che sta alla base della nascita di Due Facce e il modo in cui questi riesce a circondarsi dei freak che stanno spuntando a Gotham e che stanno soppiantando criminali di un'era ormai sorpassata, come l' Uomo Calendario o lo stesso Falcone.
Innanzitutto torna l'incubo di un nuovo serial killer, l' Impiccato , che questa volta colpisce gli uomini del dipartimento di polizia di Gotham.
Sui corpi delle vittime viene ritrovata una scheda del gioco dell'impiccato, giocato non su un foglio bianco, ma su ritagli di giornale che fanno riferimento al caso di Festa od alle indagini di Harvey Dent.
Altri progetti Wikiquote Wikimedia Commons. Portale Animazione. Portale Cinema. Portale DC Comics. Categorie : Personaggi di Batman Artisti marziali immaginari Investigatori immaginari.
Menu di navigazione Strumenti personali Accesso non effettuato discussioni contributi registrati entra.
Namespace Voce Discussione. Visite Leggi Modifica Modifica wikitesto Cronologia. Pagina principale Ultime modifiche Una voce a caso Nelle vicinanze Vetrina Aiuto Sportello informazioni.
Puntano qui Modifiche correlate Pagine speciali Link permanente Informazioni pagina Cita questa voce Elemento Wikidata.
Crea un libro Scarica come PDF Versione stampabile. Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. Batman, disegnato da Joe Prado, Ivan Reis e Rod Reis.
I must be a creature of the night, black, terrible In early strips, Batman's career as a vigilante earns him the ire of the police. Batman also becomes a founding member of the Justice Society of America ,  although he, like Superman, is an honorary member,  and thus only participates occasionally.
Batman's relationship with the law thaws quickly, and he is made an honorary member of Gotham City's police department.
The Silver Age of Comic Books in DC Comics is sometimes held to have begun in when the publisher introduced Barry Allen as a new, updated version of the Flash.
Batman is not significantly changed by the late s for the continuity which would be later referred to as Earth-One. The lighter tone Batman had taken in the period between the Golden and Silver Ages led to the stories of the late s and early s that often feature many science-fiction elements, and Batman is not significantly updated in the manner of other characters until Detective Comics May , in which Batman reverts to his detective roots, with most science-fiction elements jettisoned from the series.
After the introduction of DC Comics' Multiverse in the s, DC established that stories from the Golden Age star the Earth-Two Batman , a character from a parallel world.
This version of Batman partners with and marries the reformed Earth-Two Catwoman Selina Kyle. The two have a daughter, Helena Wayne , who becomes the Huntress.
She assumes the position as Gotham's protector along with Dick Grayson, the Earth-Two Robin , once Bruce Wayne retires to become police commissioner.
Wayne holds the position of police commissioner until he is killed during one final adventure as Batman. Batman titles, however, often ignored that a distinction had been made between the pre-revamp and post-revamp Batmen since unlike the Flash or Green Lantern , Batman comics had been published without interruption through the s and would occasionally make reference to stories from the Golden Age.
Additions include meetings with a future Superman during his youth, his upbringing by his uncle Philip Wayne introduced in Batman Feb.
Batman meets and regularly works with other heroes during the Silver Age, most notably Superman, whom he began regularly working alongside in a series of team-ups in World's Finest Comics , starting in and continuing through the series' cancellation in Batman and Superman are usually depicted as close friends.
As a founding member of the Justice League of America, Batman appears in its first story, in 's The Brave and the Bold In the s and s, The Brave and the Bold became a Batman title, in which Batman teams up with a different DC Universe superhero each month.
In , Dick Grayson attends college as part of DC Comics' effort to revise the Batman comics. Additionally, Batman also moves from his mansion, Wayne Manor into a penthouse apartment atop the Wayne Foundation building in downtown Gotham City, in order to be closer to Gotham City's crime.
In 's "Night of the Stalker" storyline, a diploma on the wall reveals Bruce Wayne as a graduate of Yale Law School. Batman's adventures also become somewhat darker and more grim during this period, depicting increasingly violent crimes, including the first appearance since the early Golden Age of the Joker as a homicidal psychopath , and the arrival of Ra's al Ghul , a centuries-old terrorist who knows Batman's secret identity.
In the s, Dick Grayson becomes Nightwing. In the final issue of The Brave and the Bold in , Batman quits the Justice League and forms a new group called the Outsiders.
He serves as the team's leader until Batman and the Outsiders 32 and the comic subsequently changed its title. After the issue miniseries Crisis on Infinite Earths , DC Comics retconned the histories of some major characters in an attempt at updating them for contemporary audiences.
Frank Miller retold Batman's origin in the storyline " Year One " from Batman —, which emphasizes a grittier tone in the character. For example, Gotham's police are mostly corrupt, setting up further need for Batman's existence.
The guardian Phillip Wayne is removed, leaving young Bruce to be raised by Alfred Pennyworth. Additionally, Batman is no longer a founding member of the Justice League of America, although he becomes leader for a short time of a new incarnation of the team launched in To help fill in the revised backstory for Batman following Crisis , DC launched a new Batman title called Legends of the Dark Knight in and has published various miniseries and one-shot stories since then that largely take place during the "Year One" period.
Subsequently, Batman begins exhibiting an excessive, reckless approach to his crimefighting, a result of the pain of losing Jason Todd.
Batman works solo until the decade's close, when Tim Drake becomes the new Robin. Many of the major Batman storylines since the s have been intertitle crossovers that run for a number of issues.
In , DC published " Knightfall ". During the storyline's first phase, the new villain Bane paralyzes Batman, leading Wayne to ask Azrael to take on the role.
After the end of "Knightfall", the storylines split in two directions, following both the Azrael-Batman's adventures, and Bruce Wayne's quest to become Batman once more.
The story arcs realign in "KnightsEnd", as Azrael becomes increasingly violent and is defeated by a healed Bruce Wayne.
Wayne hands the Batman mantle to Dick Grayson then Nightwing for an interim period, while Wayne trains for a return to the role.
The company-wide crossover storyline Zero Hour: Crisis in Time! Noteworthy among these changes is that the general populace and the criminal element now considers Batman an urban legend rather than a known force.
Batman once again becomes a member of the Justice League during Grant Morrison's relaunch of the series, titled JLA. During this time, Gotham City faces catastrophe in the decade's closing crossover arc.
In 's " Cataclysm " storyline, Gotham City is devastated by an earthquake and ultimately cut off from the United States.
Deprived of many of his technological resources, Batman fights to reclaim the city from legions of gangs during 's " No Man's Land ".
Lex Luthor arranges for the murder of Batman's on-again, off-again love interest Vesper Lynd introduced in the mids during the "Bruce Wayne: Murderer?
Though Batman is able to clear his name, he loses another ally in the form of his new bodyguard Sasha, who is recruited into the organization known as "Checkmate" while stuck in prison due to her refusal to turn state's evidence against her employer.
DC Comics' miniseries Identity Crisis reveals that JLA member Zatanna had edited Batman's memories to prevent him from stopping the Justice League from lobotomizing Dr.
Light after he raped Sue Dibny. Batman later creates the Brother I satellite surveillance system to watch over and, if necessary, kill the other heroes after he remembered.
The revelation of Batman's creation and his tacit responsibility for the Blue Beetle's death becomes a driving force in the lead-up to the Infinite Crisis miniseries, which again restructures DC continuity.
Batman and a team of superheroes destroy Brother EYE and the OMACs, though, at the very end, Batman reaches his apparent breaking point when Alexander Luthor Jr.
Picking up a gun, Batman nearly shoots Luthor in order to avenge his former sidekick, until Wonder Woman convinces him to not pull the trigger. Following Infinite Crisis , Bruce Wayne, Dick Grayson having recovered from his wounds , and Tim Drake retrace the steps Bruce had taken when he originally left Gotham City, to "rebuild Batman".
Part of this absence is captured during Week 30 of the 52 series, which shows Batman fighting his inner demons. This becomes an important part of the regular Batman title, which reveals that Batman is reborn as a more effective crime fighter while undergoing this ritual, having "hunted down and ate" the last traces of fear in his mind.
Although originally, in Batman: Son of the Demon , Bruce's coupling with Talia was implied to be consensual, this arc retconned it into Talia forcing herself on Bruce.
Batman, along with Superman and Wonder Woman, reforms the Justice League in the new Justice League of America series,  and is leading the newest incarnation of the Outsiders.
Grant Morrison 's storyline, " Batman R. The story ends with Batman retrieving the god-killing bullet used to kill Orion, setting up its use in "Final Crisis".
Dick and Batman's other friends conclude that Bruce is alive. Bruce subsequently returned in Morrison's miniseries Batman: The Return of Bruce Wayne , which depicted his travels through time from prehistory to present-day Gotham.
Bruce publicly announced that Wayne Enterprises will aid Batman on his mission, known as "Batman, Incorporated".
However, due to rebooted continuity that occurred as part of DC Comics' relaunch of all of its comic books, The New 52 , Dick Grayson was restored as Nightwing with Wayne serving as the sole Batman once again.
The relaunch also interrupted the publication of Batman, Incorporated , which resumed its story in — with changes to suit the new status quo.
Batman has become a pop culture icon, recognized around the world. The character's presence has extended beyond his comic book origins; events such as the release of the Batman film and its accompanying merchandising "brought the Batman to the forefront of public consciousness".
He is at once an icon and a commodity: the perfect cultural artefact for the 21st century. The character of Batman has appeared in various media aside from comic books, such as newspaper syndicated comic strips , books, radio dramas, television, a stage show , and several theatrical feature films.
The first adaptation of Batman was as a daily newspaper comic strip which premiered on October 25, While Batman never had a radio series of his own, the character made occasional guest appearances in The Adventures of Superman , starting in on occasions when Superman voice actor Bud Collyer needed time off.
The exposure provided by these adaptations during the s "helped make [Batman] a household name for millions who never bought a comic book".
In the publication of Donald Barthelme 's collection of short stories Come Back, Dr. Caligari , Barthelme wrote "The Joker's Greatest Triumph".
Batman is portrayed for purposes of spoof as a pretentious French-speaking rich man. The Batman television series, starring Adam West , premiered in January on the ABC television network.
Inflected with a camp sense of humor, the show became a pop culture phenomenon. In his memoir, Back to the Batcave , West notes his dislike for the term 'camp' as it was applied to the s series, opining that the show was instead a farce or lampoon , and a deliberate one, at that.
The series ran for episodes, ending in In between the first and second season of the Batman television series, the cast and crew made the theatrical film Batman The Who recorded the theme song from the Batman show for their EP Ready Steady Who , and The Kinks performed the theme song on their album Live at Kelvin Hall.
Despite not having an immediate continuation, the series spawned a failed pilot episode for a spin-off Batgirl television series and, decades later, the Batman '66 comic book series and the animated films Batman: Return of the Caped Crusaders and Batman vs.
Two-Face , and even the mockumentary Return to the Batcave: The Misadventures of Adam and Burt From until , Batman had a starring role in ABC's Super Friends series, which was animated by Hanna-Barbera.
Olan Soule was the voice of Batman in all these shows, but was eventually replaced during Super Friends by Adam West, who also voiced the character in Filmation 's series The New Adventures of Batman.
In , Batman: The Animated Series premiered on the Fox television network, produced by Warner Bros. Animation and featuring Kevin Conroy as the voice of Batman.
The series received considerable acclaim for its darker tone, mature writing, stylistic design, and thematic complexity compared to previous superhero cartoons,   in addition to multiple Emmy Awards.
The futuristic series Batman Beyond also took place in this same animated continuity and featured a newer, younger Batman voiced by Will Friedle , with the elderly Bruce Wayne again voiced by Conroy as a mentor.
In , an unrelated animated series titled The Batman made its debut with Rino Romano voicing Batman. In , this show was replaced by another animated series, Batman: The Brave and the Bold , featuring Diedrich Bader 's voice as Batman.
In , a new CGI -animated series titled Beware the Batman made its debut, with Anthony Ruivivar voicing Batman.
In , the live-action TV series Gotham premiered on the Fox network, featuring David Mazouz as a year-old Bruce Wayne. In , when the series was renewed for its fifth and final season it was announced that Batman would make an appearance in the show's series finale's flash-forward.
Iain Glen portrays Bruce Wayne in the live-action series Titans , appearing in the show's second season in To commemorate the 75th anniversary of the character, Warner Bros aired the television short film , Batman: Strange Days , that was also posted on DC's YouTube channel.
In August , it was announced that Kevin Conroy would make his live-action television debut as an older Bruce Wayne in the upcoming Arrowverse crossover, Crisis on Infinite Earths.
Batman's first cinematographic adventures consisted of the serial film Batman and its sequel Batman and Robin , which both depicted a government-backed version of Batman and Robin censorship at the time would not have allowed for vigilantes to be depicted as unauthorized crimefighters.
The serials especially the first one are, though, notorious for their accentuation on anti-Japanese sentiments due to their World War II -period setting.
As mentioned earlier, in , 20th Century Fox produced the first Batman feature film, titled Batman , set in the universe and featuring most of the actors from the TV series.
In , Warner Bros. The film was a huge success; not only was it the top-grossing film of the year, but at the time was the fifth highest-grossing film in history.
The second Schumacher film failed to outgross any of its predecessors and was critically panned, causing Warner Bros.
In , Batman Begins was released by Warner Bros. Its sequel, The Dark Knight , set the record for the highest grossing opening weekend of all time in the U.
Since , Batman has also starred in various direct-to-video animated films under the DC Universe Animated Original Movies banner.
Kevin Conroy has reprised his voice role of Batman for several of these films while others have featured celebrity voice actors in the role, including Jeremy Sisto , William Baldwin , Bruce Greenwood , Ben McKenzie , and Peter Weller.
In , Ben Affleck began portraying Batman in the DC Extended Universe with the release of the film Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice , directed by Zack Snyder ,  a younger child version of the character was played by Brandon Spink in the same film.
Affleck also made a cameo appearance as Batman in David Ayer 's film Suicide Squad Dante Pereira-Olson portrays a young Bruce Wayne in the film Joker.
In , Robert Pattinson was cast to play Batman in an upcoming reboot of the franchise, The Batman , releasing in Starting with the Pop Art period, and on a continuing basis, since the s, the character of Batman has been "appropriated" by multiple visual artists and incorporated into contemporary artwork,   most notably by Andy Warhol ,   Roy Lichtenstein ,  Mel Ramos ,   Dulce Pinzon ,  Mr.
Brainwash ,  Raymond Pettibon ,  Peter Saul ,  and others. Since , Batman has starred in multiple video games, most of which were adaptations of the various cinematic or animated incarnations of the character.
Among the most successful of these games is the Batman: Arkham series. In , Telltale Games released Batman: The Telltale Series adventure game, which changed the Wayne family's history as it is depicted in the Batman mythos.
Mayfair Games published the DC Heroes role-playing game in , then published the page supplement Batman the following year, written by Mike Stackpole , with cover art by Ed Hannigan.
Santana, Louis Prosperi, Jack Barker and Ray Winninger , with graphic design by Gregory Scott, and cover and interior art by DC Comics staff.
Mayfair released a simplified version of DC Heroes called The Batman Role-Playing Game in to coincide with the Batman film.
Gay interpretations of the character have been part of the academic study of Batman since psychologist Fredric Wertham asserted in Seduction of the Innocent in that "Batman stories are psychologically homosexual The Batman type of story may stimulate children to homosexual fantasies, of the nature of which they may be unconscious.
He also identifies a homophobic element to the vigor with which mainstream fandom rejects the possibility of a gay reading of the character.
Creators associated with the character have expressed their own opinions. Writer Alan Grant has stated, "The Batman I wrote for 13 years isn't gay Only Joel Schumacher might have had an opposing view.
Obviously as a fictional character he's intended to be heterosexual, but the basis of the whole concept is utterly gay. Batman has been the subject of psychological study for some time, and there have been a number of interpretations into the character's psyche.
In Batman and Psychology: A Dark and Stormy Knight , Travis Langley argues that the concept of archetypes as described by psychologists Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell is present in the Batman mythos, such that the character represents the "shadow archetype".
This archetype, according to Langley, represents a person's own dark side; it is not necessarily an evil one, but rather one that is hidden from the outside and concealed from both the world and oneself.
Langley argues that Bruce Wayne confronts his own darkness early in life; he chooses to use it to instill fear in wrongdoers, with his bright and dark sides working together to fight evil.
Langley uses the Jungian perspective to assert that Batman appeals to our own need to face our "shadow selves".
Travis Langley also taught a class called Batman, a title he was adamant about. I called it Batman," Langley says. Rosenberg evaluated his actions and problems to determine if they reach the level of mental disorders.
She examined the possibility of several mental health issues, including dissociative identity disorder , obsessive—compulsive disorder , and several others.
More likely, he asserts Batman's mental attitude is far more in line with a dedicated Olympic athlete. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the superhero. For other uses, see Batman disambiguation. For other uses, see Bruce Wayne disambiguation.
Fictional superhero. Batman on the cover of Batman: Hush , art by Jim Lee. Bill Finger   Bob Kane.
Justice League Batman Family Batmen of All Nations Batman Incorporated Outsiders. Robin various Alfred Pennyworth James Gordon Catwoman Batgirl various Superman Wonder Woman.
Matches Malone  Lefty Knox  Dark Knight World's Greatest Detective Caped Crusader Darknight Detective.
See also: List of Batman comics. See also: All Star DC Comics. See also: The New Criminals are a superstitious cowardly lot.
So my disguise must be able to strike terror into their hearts. Main article: List of Batman supporting characters.
Main article: List of Batman family enemies. Main article: Alfred Pennyworth. Main article: Gotham City Police Department.
Main article: Justice League. Main article: Robin character. Main article: Catwoman. Main article: Batsuit. Main article: Batmobile.
Main article: Batman's utility belt. Main article: Bat-Signal. Main article: Batcave. Main article: Origin of Batman. See also: Batman Earth-Two.
Main article: Batman franchise media. Main article: Batman in film. See also: List of Batman video games. Further information: Homosexuality in the Batman franchise.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. April MTV News. New York City: Viacom. Archived from the original on July 26, Retrieved August 9, Hollywood Reporter.
Archived from the original on October 22, Retrieved September 21, Comics Alliance. Archived from the original on March 4, Retrieved October 21, Archived from the original on August 19, Retrieved August 3, Batman: The Complete History.
Chronicle Books, The Steranko History of Comics 1. Reading, PA: Supergraphics, Batman — The Complete History: The Life and Times of the Dark Knight.
Critical Inquiry. Chronicle Books. DC Comics: A Celebration of the World's Favorite Comic Book Heroes. Routledge: London, The Comics Journal.
Como Batman, a personalidade de Bruce Wayne variou conforme o passar do tempo. Bruce Wayne criou o Batman para causar medo no submundo de Gotham e para defender os inocentes.
Quando Malone foi morto, Batman assumiu sua identidade. Habilidoso em todas as formas de combate corpo a corpo ou com armas e ainda o maior detetive do mundo: mestre em fugas, disfarces e explosivos , inventor , cientista , acrobata , piloto.
Na Bat-caverna, Batman pode ainda contar com um supercomputador, e no novo desenho O Batman conta ainda com o batwave , que o liga com a Bat-caverna esteja onde estiver.
Nos Novos 52 a origem do Homem-Coruja foi alterada. O que o fez nascer prematuro e em estado vegetativo.
That's not an accurate credit I didn't do any shooting for "Birds of Prey" A partir de , diversos filmes do personagem foram feitos: Tim Burton dirigiu os aclamados Batman e Batman Returns , com Michael Keaton no papel de Batman.
No filme, o jovem Bruce foi interpretado por Dante Pereira-Olson. Ver artigo principal: Batman da Terra 2. Ver artigo principal: Batman: Gotham Knight.
Quando adulto, Clark mudou o nome de Superboy para Superman. DC Comics. The Encyclopedia of Comic Book Heroes Volume 1 Batman Collier Books ISBN p.
In: Dougall, Alastair. The DC Comics Encyclopedia. Londres : Dorling Kindersley. The Independent. IGN Entertainment.