H. P. Lovecraft: Howard Phillips Lovecraft wurde am August in Providence, Rhode Island geboren und starb am März ebenda. Im Alter von. Sämtliche Erzählungen und Zusammenarbeiten H. P. Lovecraft. Die versiegelte Urne. ›The Sealed Casket‹ von H. P. Lovecraft & Richard F. Searight Erstmals. Howard Phillips Lovecraft, geboren in den USA, hatte ein Leben voller Rätsel. Im Alter von 47 Jahren wurde er ins Krankenhaus eingeliefert. Er starb nur.
H. P. LovecraftDie beliebtesten Werke des Autors lesen. Jetzt H. P. Lovecrafts Bücher bestellen. Bequem & sicher online. Direkt hier aussuchen. Schnelle Lieferung. Lovecraft's "Herbert West - Reanimator", was turned into a series of movies that started with the film "Re-Animator" and rolled on through "Bride of Re-. Howard Phillips Lovecraft, geboren in den USA, hatte ein Leben voller Rätsel. Im Alter von 47 Jahren wurde er ins Krankenhaus eingeliefert. Er starb nur.
H. P. Lovecraft Navigační menu VideoWhat is Lovecraftian Horror? - A Brief History of HP Lovecraft \u0026 The Cthulhu Mythos Howard Phillips Lovecraft war ein amerikanischer Schriftsteller. Er gilt als der bedeutendste Autor phantastischer Horrorliteratur des Jahrhunderts und hat mit dem von ihm erfundenen Cthulhu-Mythos zahlreiche Nachfolger beeinflusst. Howard Phillips Lovecraft (* August in Providence, Rhode Island; † März ebenda; meist nur H. P. Lovecraft) war ein amerikanischer. Sämtliche Erzählungen und Zusammenarbeiten H. P. Lovecraft. Die versiegelte Urne. ›The Sealed Casket‹ von H. P. Lovecraft & Richard F. Searight Erstmals. Ob "Stranger Things", "Dark" oder "Twin Peaks": Alle jüngeren Horrorerzählungen gehen zurück auf H. P. Lovecraft. Er spaltet die Welt in Fans.
Diversi elementi degli scritti di Howard Phillips Lovecraft, in particolare dei Miti di Cthulhu , sono stati spesso utilizzati nella cultura di massa come modelli stilistici per ambientazioni e per personaggi orribili o soprannaturali .
Molti sono gli scrittori che hanno collaborato con Lovecraft, come Clark Ashton Smith , Robert Ervin Howard e Fritz Leiber , attingendo a loro volta alle sue opere.
E tu vivrai nel terrore! Anche alcune serie televisive contengono, in qualche episodio, riferimenti ai Miti di Cthulhu, tra le quali Rick and Morty , South Park , Doctor Who , Supernatural e Andromeda .
Due band hanno scelto di chiamarsi con il nome dell'artista di Providence, i H. Lovecraft e i Lovecraft  .
I saw the heavens verminous with strange flying things, and beneath them a hellish black city of giant stone terraces with impious pyramids flung savagely to the moon, and devil-lights burning from unnumbered windows.
Altri progetti. Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera. Disambiguazione — "H. Lovecraft" rimanda qui. Se stai cercando il gruppo musicale, vedi H.
Lovecraft gruppo musicale. Disambiguazione — "Lovecraft" rimanda qui. Se stai cercando il gruppo musicale, vedi Lovecraft gruppo musicale.
Howard Phillips Lovecraft nel Firma di H. Joshi su Lovecraft , su themodernword. URL consultato il 29 giugno archiviato dall' url originale il 18 luglio URL consultato il 12 luglio Vedi Houellebecq Joshi, H.
Lovecraft: A Life, p. Lovecraft Misconceptions , su hplovecraft. URL consultato il 19 luglio Houellebecq, H.
URL consultato il 22 luglio Lovecraft , su quahog. URL consultato il 21 luglio URL consultato il 24 settembre archiviato dall' url originale il 20 luglio Joshi, The Annotated H.
Lovecraft , New York, NY: Dell, pp. Burleson, The Lovecraft Mythos , Salem Press, Englewood Cliffs, Survey of Science Fiction Literature, , pp.
Joshi, Icons of horror and the supernatural: an encyclopedia of our worst nightmares , vol. URL consultato il 29 giugno archiviato dall' url originale il 6 agosto URL consultato il 29 giugno Dreams had a major role in Lovecraft's literary career.
However, the majority of his stories are not transcribed dreams. Instead, many of them are directly influenced by dreams and dreamlike phenomena. In his letters, Lovecraft frequently compared his characters to dreamers.
They are described as being as helpless as a real dreamer who is experiencing a nightmare. His stories also have dreamlike qualities. The Randolph Carter stories deconstruct the division between dreams and reality.
The dreamlands in The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath are a shared dreamworld that can be accessed by a sensitive dreamer.
Meanwhile, in " The Silver Key ", Lovecraft mentions the concept of "inward dreams," which implies the existence of outward dreams.
Burleson compares this deconstruction to Carl Jung 's argument that dreams are the source of archetypal myths. Lovecraft's way of writing fiction required both a level of realism and dreamlike elements.
Citing Jung, Burleson argues that a writer may create realism by being inspired by dreams. Lovecraft's use of British English owes much to his father's influence.
He described his father as having been so anglophilic that he was commonly presumed to be an Englishman. According to Lovecraft, his father had been constantly warned to avoid using Americanized words and phrases.
This influence stretched beyond Lovecraft's use of language. His father's Anglophilia had also caused Lovecraft to have a deep affection for British culture and the British Empire.
Lovecraft, in note to the editor of Weird Tales , on resubmission of "The Call of Cthulhu" . Forbidden, dark, esoterically veiled knowledge is a central theme in many of Lovecraft's works.
The awe and dread described by the characters in Lovecraft's weird fiction baffle them; they are stunned as their minds struggle to comprehend the alien things before them.
They can only describe their own sensations in the presence of great horrors, such as the way the beings smell or what horrible sounds they make.
The scientists of Lovecraft's stories usual stumble while trying to describe the terrible shape of the beings - essentially failing at describing what they actually are.
Many of his characters are driven by curiosity or scientific endeavor, and in many of his stories the knowledge they uncover proves Promethean in nature, either filling the seeker with regret for what they have learned, destroying them psychologically, or completely destroying the person who holds the knowledge.
The beings of Lovecraft's mythos often have human servants; Cthulhu , for instance, is worshipped under various names by cults among both the Greenlandic Inuit and voodoo circles of Louisiana , and in many other parts of the world.
These worshippers served a useful narrative purpose for Lovecraft. Many beings of the Mythos were too powerful to be defeated by human opponents, and so horrific that direct knowledge of them meant insanity for the victim.
When dealing with such beings, Lovecraft needed a way to provide exposition and build tension without bringing the story to a premature end. Human followers gave him a way to reveal information about their "gods" in a diluted form, and also made it possible for his protagonists to win paltry victories.
Lovecraft, like his contemporaries, envisioned "savages" as closer to supernatural knowledge unknown to civilized man.
Often in Lovecraft's works, the protagonist is not in control of his own actions or finds it impossible to change course. Many of his characters would be free from danger if they simply managed to run away; however, this possibility either never arises or is somehow curtailed by some outside force, such as in " The Colour Out of Space " and " The Dreams in the Witch House ".
Often his characters are subject to a compulsive influence from powerful malevolent or indifferent beings. As with the inevitability of one's ancestry, eventually even running away, or death itself, provides no safety The Thing on the Doorstep , " The Outsider ", The Case of Charles Dexter Ward.
In some cases, this doom is manifest in the entirety of humanity, and no escape is possible The Shadow Out of Time. Another recurring theme in Lovecraft's stories is the idea that descendants in a bloodline can never escape the stain of crimes committed by their forebears, at least if the crimes are atrocious enough.
Descendants may be very far removed, both in place and in time and, indeed, in culpability , from the act itself, and yet, they may be haunted by the revenant past, e.
Lovecraft was familiar with the work of the German conservative-revolutionary theorist Oswald Spengler , whose pessimistic thesis of the decadence of the modern West formed a crucial element in Lovecraft's overall anti-modern worldview.
Spenglerian imagery of cyclical decay is present in particular in At the Mountains of Madness. Joshi, in H. Lovecraft: The Decline of the West , places Spengler at the center of his discussion of Lovecraft's political and philosophical ideas.
Lovecraft wrote to Clark Ashton Smith in "It is my belief, and was so long before Spengler put his seal of scholarly proof on it, that our mechanical and industrial age is one of frank decadence.
Lovecraft frequently dealt with the idea of civilization struggling against dark, primitive barbarism. In some stories this struggle is at an individual level; many of his protagonists are cultured, highly educated men who are gradually corrupted by some obscure and feared influence.
In such stories, the curse is often a hereditary one, either because of interbreeding with non-humans e. In other tales, an entire society is threatened by barbarism.
Sometimes the barbarism comes as an external threat, with a civilized race destroyed in war e. Sometimes, an isolated pocket of humanity falls into decadence and atavism of its own accord e.
But most often, such stories involve a civilized culture being gradually undermined by a malevolent underclass influenced by inhuman forces.
At the turn of the 20th century, humanity's increased reliance upon science was both opening new worlds and solidifying understanding of ours.
Lovecraft portrays this potential for a growing gap of man's understanding of the universe as a potential for horror, most notably in "The Colour Out of Space", where the inability of science to comprehend a contaminated meteorite leads to horror.
In a letter to James F. Morton in , Lovecraft specifically pointed to Albert Einstein 's theory on relativity as throwing the world into chaos and making the cosmos a jest; in a letter to Woodburn Harris in , he speculated that technological comforts risk the collapse of science.
Indeed, at a time when men viewed science as limitless and powerful, Lovecraft imagined alternative potential and fearful outcomes. In "The Call of Cthulhu", Lovecraft's characters encounter architecture which is "abnormal, non-Euclidean, and loathsomely redolent of spheres and dimensions apart from ours.
Lovecraft's works are ruled by several distinct pantheons of deities actually aliens worshiped as gods by humans who are either indifferent or actively hostile to humanity.
Lovecraft's personal philosophy has been termed "cosmic indifference" and this is expressed in his fiction. For instance, in Lovecraft's At the Mountains of Madness , it is proposed that humankind was actually created as a slave race by the Old Ones, and that life on Earth as we know it evolved from scientific experiments abandoned by the Elder Things.
Protagonist characters in Lovecraft are usually educated men, citing scientific and rational evidence to support their non-faith.
In " The Silver Key ", the character Randolph Carter loses the ability to dream and seeks solace in religion, specifically Congregationalism , but does not find it and ultimately loses faith.
Lovecraft himself adopted the stance of atheism early in life. In , he wrote in a letter to Robert E. Howard :.
All I say is that I think it is damned unlikely that anything like a central cosmic will, a spirit world, or an eternal survival of personality exist.
They are the most preposterous and unjustified of all the guesses which can be made about the universe, and I am not enough of a hairsplitter to pretend that I don't regard them as arrant and negligible moonshine.
In theory, I am an agnostic , but pending the appearance of radical evidence I must be classed, practically and provisionally, as an atheist.
In , famed magician and escapist Harry Houdini asked Lovecraft to ghostwrite a treatise exploring the topic of superstition.
Houdini's unexpected death later that year halted the project, but The Cancer of Superstition was partially completed by Lovecraft along with collaborator C.
Eddy Jr. A previously unknown manuscript of the work was discovered in in a collection owned by a magic shop. The book states "all superstitious beliefs are relics of a common 'prehistoric ignorance' in humans," and goes on to explore various superstitious beliefs in different cultures and times.
Lovecraft drew extensively from his native New England for settings in his fiction. Numerous historical cities and towns are mentioned, and several fictionalised versions of them make frequent appearances in his stories.
The exact locations of these municipalities were subject to change with Lovecraft's shifting literary needs. Starting with areas that he thought were evocative, Lovecraft redefined and exaggerated them under fictional names.
For example, Lovecraft renamed the town of Oakham to Arkham and expanded it to include a nearby landmark. By , Floyd C.
Gale of Galaxy Science Fiction said that "like R. Howard , Lovecraft seemingly goes on forever; the two decades since their death are as nothing.
In any event, they appear more prolific than ever. What with de Camp , Nyberg and Derleth avidly rooting out every scrap of their writings and expanding them into novels, there may never be an end to their posthumous careers.
Early efforts to revise an established literary view of Lovecraft as an author of 'pulp' were resisted by some eminent critics; in , Edmund Wilson sneered: "the only real horror in most of these fictions is the horror of bad taste and bad art.
Sprague de Camp, Wilson later improved his opinion of Lovecraft, citing a report of David Chavchavadze that Wilson had included a Lovecraftian reference in Little Blue Light: A Play in Three Acts.
After Chavchavadze met with him to discuss this, Wilson revealed that he had been reading a copy of Lovecraft's correspondence.
Galaxy Science Fiction reviewer Floyd C. Gale said that "Lovecraft at his best could build a mood of horror unsurpassed; at his worst, he was laughable.
James , H. Wells , Aldous Huxley , J. Tolkien and others as one of the builders of mythicised realities contending against the failing project of literary realism.
Michael Dirda , a reviewer for The Times Literary Supplement , has described Lovecraft as being a "visionary" who is "rightly regarded as second only to Edgar Allan Poe in the annals of American supernatural literature.
In addition, Dirda praises Lovecraft's ability to create an uncanny atmosphere. This atmosphere is created through the feeling of wrongness that pervades the objects, places, and people in Lovecraft's works.
He also comments favorably on Lovecraft's correspondence, and compares him to Horace Walpole. Particular attention is given to his correspondence with August Derleth and Robert E.
The Derleth letters are called "delightful," while the Howard letters are described as being an ideological debate. Overall, Dirda believes that Lovecraft's letters are equal to, or better than, his fictional output.
Los Angeles Review of Books reviewer Nick Mamatas stated that Lovecraft was a particularly difficult author, rather than a bad one.
He described Lovecraft as being "perfectly capable" in the fields of story logic, pacing, innovation, and generating quotable phrases.
However, Lovecraft's difficulty made him ill-suited to the pulps; he was unable to compete with the popular recurring protagonists and damsel-in-distress stories.
Furthermore, he compared a paragraph from The Shadow Out of Time to a paragraph from the introduction to The Economic Consequences of the Peace.
In Mamatas' view, Lovecraft's quality is obscured by his difficulty, and his skill is what has allowed his following to outlive the followings of other prominent authors, such as Seabury Quinn and Kenneth Patchen.
In , the Library of America published a volume of Lovecraft's works. This volume was reviewed by many publications, including The New York Times Book Review and The Wall Street Journal , and sold 25, copies within a month of release.
The overall critical reception of the volume was mixed. Joshi and Alison Sperling, have said that this confirms H.
Lovecraft's place in the western canon. The editors of The Age of Lovecraft , Carl H. Sederholm and Jeffrey Andrew Weinstock, attributed the rise of mainstream popular and academic interest in Lovecraft to this volume, along with the Penguin Classics volumes and the Modern Library edition of At the Mountains of Madness.
These volumes led to a proliferation of other volumes containing Lovecraft's works. According to the two authors, these volumes are part of a trend in Lovecraft's popular and academic reception: increased attention by one audience causes the other to also become more interested.
Lovecraft's success is, in part, the result of his success. Lovecraft's style has often been subject to criticism,  but scholars such as S.
Joshi have shown that Lovecraft consciously utilized a variety of literary devices to form a unique style of his own — these include prose-poetic rhythm, stream of consciousness, alliteration , and conscious archaism largely in his pre works.
Philosopher Graham Harman , seeing Lovecraft as expressing a unique—though implicit— antireductionist ontology , writes: "No other writer is so perplexed by the gap between objects and the power of language to describe them, or between objects and the qualities they possess.
According to scholar S. Joshi : "There is never an entity in Lovecraft that is not in some fashion material. Several media outlets published articles discussing Lovecraft's legacy as a horror fiction writer, with many outlets in the s discussing and criticizing Lovecraft's racism and homophobia.
Jemisin considers Lovecraft's racial attitudes essential to his literary world: "his biases were the basis of his horror. He does some incredible imagery, it's powerful work, but it's frightening The first World Fantasy Awards were held in Providence in The theme was "The Lovecraft Circle.
In , Lovecraft was awarded the Retro-Hugo Award for Best Series for the Cthulhu Mythos. Lovecraft was relatively unknown during his lifetime.
He did, however, correspond regularly with other contemporary writers such as Clark Ashton Smith and August Derleth,  who became his good friends, even though he never met them in person.
This group became known as the "Lovecraft Circle," since their writing freely borrowed Lovecraft's motifs, with his encouragement: the mysterious books with disturbing names such as the Necronomicon , the pantheon of ancient alien entities such as Cthulhu and Azathoth, and eldritch places such as the ill-omened New England town of Arkham and its Miskatonic University.
After Lovecraft's death, the Lovecraft Circle carried on. August Derleth in particular added to and expanded on Lovecraft's vision, not without controversy.
While Lovecraft considered his pantheon of alien gods a mere plot device, Derleth created an entire cosmology, complete with a war between the good Elder Gods and the evil Outer Gods , such as Cthulhu and his ilk.
The forces of good were supposed to have won, locking Cthulhu and others beneath the earth, the ocean, and elsewhere. Derleth's Cthulhu Mythos stories went on to associate different gods with the traditional four elements of fire, air, earth and water — an artificial constraint which required rationalizations on Derleth's part as Lovecraft himself never envisioned such a scheme.
Lovecraft's writing, particularly the so-called Cthulhu Mythos, has influenced fiction authors including modern horror and fantasy writers.
Kiernan ,  William S. Burroughs ,  and Neil Gaiman ,  have cited Lovecraft as one of their primary influences. Beyond direct adaptation, Lovecraft and his stories have had a profound impact on popular culture.
Some influence was direct, as he was a friend, inspiration, and correspondent to many of his contemporaries, such as August Derleth, Robert E.
Howard, Robert Bloch and Fritz Leiber. Many later figures were influenced by Lovecraft's works, including author and artist Clive Barker ,  prolific horror writer Stephen King,  comics writers Alan Moore, Neil Gaiman  and Mike Mignola ,  English author Colin Wilson , film directors John Carpenter ,  Stuart Gordon , Guillermo del Toro ,  and artist H.
Japan has also been significantly inspired and terrified by Lovecraft's creations and thus even entered the manga and anime media.
Chiaki J. Konaka is an acknowledged disciple and has participated in Cthulhu Mythos, expanding several Japanese versions, and is credited for spreading the influence of Lovecraft among the anime base.
Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges wrote his short story " There Are More Things " in memory of Lovecraft. Contemporary French writer Michel Houellebecq wrote a literary biography, H.
Lovecraft: Against the World, Against Life. Prolific American writer Joyce Carol Oates wrote an introduction for a collection of Lovecraft stories.
The Library of America published a volume of Lovecraft's work in , a reversal of the traditional judgment that there "has been nothing so far from the accepted canon as Lovecraft.
Groups of enthusiasts annually observe the anniversaries of Lovecraft's death at Ladd Observatory and of his birth at his grave site.
In July , the Providence City Council designated "H. Lovecraft Memorial Square" and installed a commemorative sign at the intersection of Angell and Prospect streets, near the author's former residences.
Lovecraft's fictional Mythos has influenced a number of musicians, especially in rock music. Meerdere van deze verhalen draaiden om het personage Randolph Carter ; mogelijk een fictieve versie van Lovecraft zelf.
Deze verhalen staan onder Lovecraftfans tegenwoordig bekend als de droomcyclus. In werd Lovecraft bovendien benaderd door J. Henneberger, oprichter van Weird Tales , met het verzoek verhalen voor dit blad te schrijven.
In de eerste elf edities van Weird Tales , gepubliceerd van oktober tot februari , stonden negen verhalen en een gedicht van Lovecraft. In schreef Lovecraft voor een speciale editie van Weird Tales het verhaal Imprisoned with the Pharaohs , waarin boeienkoning Harry Houdini de hoofdrol speelt.
Houdini was zelf tevreden over het verhaal en hield nog enkele jaren contact met Lovecraft om mogelijke toekomstige projecten te bespreken.
Andere tijdschriften waar Lovecraft voor schreef waren The Unique Magazine en Astounding Stories. Aan deze bladen verkocht Lovecraft vooral verhalen die door Weird Tales waren verworpen als te lang.
Lovecraft correspondeerde veel met andere schrijvers, met name schrijvers voor Weird Tales. Dit groeide zodoende uit tot wat men tegenwoordig kent als de Cthulhu Mythos ; een groot fictief universum dat door meerdere schrijvers als locatie voor verhalen gebruikt is.
De creatie van de Cthulhu Mythos is vandaag de dag hetgeen waar Lovecraft het meest om bekendstaat. Het eerste verhaal uit de Cthulhu Mythos was The Nameless City uit Hoewel de verhalen binnen de Cthulhu Mythos los van elkaar te lezen zijn en verschillende personages en locaties bevatten, hebben ze wel allemaal een gezamenlijke achtergrond en overeenkomsten, zoals een steeds terugkerend pantheon van buitenaardse goden, beschreven in de Necronomicon , en de schrijver daarvan, Abdul Alhazred.
Tijdens de late jaren 20 en vroege jaren 30 werden meer en meer van Lovecrafts verhalen herdrukt in verhalenbundels.
Ondanks zijn pogingen om veel te schrijven, leefde Lovecraft zeer armoedig. Lovecraft, L'Appel de Cthulhu -- I. Lovecraft : The Decline of the West , S.
Lovecraft, Selected Letters , ed. Lovecraft's Library de S. Howard , Robert Bloch et Fritz Leiber. Retrieved 28 November Sauk City, Wisconsin : Arkham House Publishers.
The Fantastic Worlds of H. Yucca Valley, California: James Van Hise. Lovecraft: Four Decades of Criticism. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press.
Discovering Classic Fantasy Fiction: Essays on the Antecedents of Fantastic Literature. Gillette, New Jersey: Wildside Press.
The Cthulhu Mythos. Archived from the original on Retrieved Price, "Editorial Shards", Crypt of Cthulhu 32 , p. Cthulhu Mythos. Lovecraft Robert Bloch Clark Ashton Smith Robert E.
Howard Frank Belknap Long August Derleth Fritz Leiber Stephen King. Cthulhu Mythos deities. Azathoth Cthulhu Hastur Nyarlathotep Shub-Niggurath Tsathoggua.
Deep Ones Elder Things Hounds of Tindalos Mi-Go Serpent Men Shoggoth. Cthulhu Mythos anthology List of Cthulhu Mythos books List of Cthulhu Mythos characters Cthulhu Mythos in popular culture Dream Cycle Elements of the Cthulhu Mythos cults Alan Moore's The Courtyard Neonomicon Providence.
The Dream-Quest of Unknown Kadath The Whisperer in Darkness At the Mountains of Madness The Shadow over Innsmouth The Shadow Out of Time. The Case of Charles Dexter Ward.
Fungi from Yuggoth. Arkham Dunwich Innsmouth Miskatonic University Lovecraft Country R'lyeh Yuggoth. His Writings. His Creations.
His Study. Popular Culture. Internet Resources.A Century Less a Dream: Selected Criticism on H. Joshi Twitch Key Finden David E. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. URL consultato il 28 dicembre His family supported the Republican Party for the entirety of his life. Associated subjects. Lovecraft selbst sah sich als Erben einer ehrwürdigen literarischen Tradition:. In qualche racconto questa lotta si manifesta a livello individuale; molti dei suoi protagonisti sono uomini The Powerpuff Girls, di istruzione elevata, che vengono progressivamente corrotti da influenze Im Erika Beweise. At the end of his essay, Lovecraft states that all he desired was oblivion. Jahrhunderts nieder, die heute kaum mehr nachvollziehbar sind. URL consultato il 29 giugno archiviato dall' url originale il 6 agosto